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Nagaur Fort, Rajasthan

A court yard in the royal palace in Nagaur, Rajasthan

At the 4th century, the Naga (snake) dynasties ruled Nagaur. The rulers built the original mud Nagaur Fort also known as Ahhichatragarh Fort literally translated into Fort of the Hooded Cobra. The fort is a large fort complex comprising palaces, pleasure pavilions, gardens, courtyards, temples and a mosque.

The fort was rebuilt in stone in the 12th century and is one of the finest examples of Rajput-Mughal architecture. The palaces are adorned with elaborate wall and ceiling murals.

Both the fort and the city of Nagaur tell the rise and fall of the India’s dynasties. Nagaur dates back to Naga rulers in 4th century before Jodhpur and Bikaner were even founded. The Naga ruler had an indirect allegiance with the kings of Chittorgarh and Jodhpur. Subsequently Muslim rulers came and left their influence on the town. It’s been with the Maharajas of Jodhpur since the 17th century. In 18th century, the fort and the town came back to the royal family of Jodhpur.